Understanding your menstrual cycle

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Menstruation is basically the shedding of a part of the uterine lining (endometrium) and the unfertilized egg (ovum) once every month. It is therefore composed of : the unfertilized  egg
                                                                                    tissue (broken-down uterine lining)
                                                                                    uterine fluids
                                                                                    cervical mucus
                                                                                    vaginal secretions

Hormones are involved in the process of menstruation. This time of the month is experienced by mature women all around the world, but each has varying degrees of pain or discomfort. This pain or discomfort is experienced before and during a menstrual period.

Want to know more about this time of the month? Then keep on reading!

The menstrual cycle will result as a result of an interaction among the:
Ovaries: Produces the eggs
Uterus or most commonly known as womb
Pituitary gland

Once a woman has had her menstrual period for the first time in her life she is said to have become a young woman! As long as women have their period then they are fertile (child-bearing time in their lives). So, therefore, they can reproduce. A woman's menstrual cycle is interrupted if she is pregnant.

How often does menstruation occur?
Menstruation occurs on a monthly basis (so every 4 weeks or 28 days). It can, however, occur earlier or later. It is temporarily interrupted by pregnancy.

What are the signs that indicate an incoming menstrual period?
As one's menstrual period approaches, there will be a feeling of discomfort in the lower part of the body.

What is the appearance of a menstrual period? Is the menstrual fluid actually blood?
A little rusty brown or yellow discharge will emerge on the first day, first. This discharge will be a combination of mucus and blood and the color is a result of the blood in it. The discharge on the second and third day will be red in color. After a certain number of days, this discharge will get smaller and smaller in quantity until it finally stops. The color will also change to the color in the beginning.

The menstrual fluid is not only blood. It is composed of blood, tissue (broken-down uterine lining), uterine fluids, cervical mucus and vaginal secretions as stated above. You can also tell this because the other stuff that makes it up causes its consistency and smell to be different from blood.

Where does the blood come from?
From the capillaries of the uterus.

When does menstruation begin?
Menstruation begins in the age of puberty (up to fifteen years of age). The age of puberty is the period when a woman's body matures and she becomes a young woman. Menstruation doesn't always begin at those ages for some girls.

How long will I get it for?
Up to about the age of forty-five or later.

What is the duration of menstruation?
From one to eight days.

Does it pain?
Some do experience menstrual cramps during their menstrual cycle.

When your menstrual cycle stops.

Hygiene during menstruation
Women use tampons and pads during their menstruation and these are used to catch the menstrual flow.